Moroccan biodiversity


Bounded by the Mediterranean to the north and the pre-Saharan region to the south, and bordered by the central Rif to the west and the Moroccan-Algerian border to the east, the Oriental region covers 9,0130 km², i.e. 12.7% of the national territory. It is located in an exceptional geographical zone linking Europe, the Greater Maghreb, and the Mediterranean basin. This strategic position gives the region a key role in Morocco in terms of its relations with neighbouring countries to the east and north of the country.

  • Land resources: With a utilised agricultural area of 889,450 ha (2018-2019 crop year), the region can pride itself on being one of Morocco’s granaries. The Oriental region has great potential in the olive, citrus, market garden, date, and livestock sectors. The region’s agricultural products are now known worldwide with labels obtained since 2010: clementine of Berkane, lamb of Beni Guil, dates of Aziza Bouzid, medlars of Zegzel, in addition to rosemary and olive oil.
  • Cereal crops (barley, durum wheat, soft wheat): 504,530 quintals over 275,061 hectares
  • Legume crops: 618 quintals over 1,490 hectares
  • Vegetable corps: 2,679,750 quintals over 13,617 hectares
  • Greenhouse vegetable crops: 106,270 quintals over 134 hectares
  • Industrial crops (sugar beet): 3,805,000 quintals over 7,378 hectares
  • Fodder crops: 6,987,050 quintals over 20,413 hectares
  • Citrus crops: 2,800,000 quintals over 18,300 hectares
  • Arboreal crops (vines, olive trees, pear trees, date palms, carob trees, etc.): 3,994,760 quintals over 174,050 hectares
  • Sea fishing (cephalopods, crustaceans, white fish, pelagic fish, shellfish): 6,933,496 kg valued at MAD136,975,662